United Nations Environment Programme. (2022). Identifying Opportunity Areas for Cocoa Agroforestry in Ghana to Meet Policy Objectives. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Cambridge UK.

This report maps several scenarios for agroforestry development in Ghana, which can serve as an input to spatial planning seeking to prioritise interventions to achieve multiple objectives such as sustainable cocoa production, carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation. This study finds that there are opportunities to increase tree coverage across almost 2 million hectares of low-shade cocoa-growing lands in Ghana. Implementing agroforestry following spatially explicit climate-smart recommendations in cocoa landscapes can yield multiple benefits for people, nature and climate through the improved delivery of ecosystem services and habitat for biodiversity, though benefits will vary according to local contexts. Measures or safeguards should be put in place to ensure that women and men benefit equally.